Freshwater zooplankton of Bakun Dam Sarawak, Malaysia

Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences ,2014,3,2,120-124.
Published:August 2014
Type:Original Research
Author(s) affiliations:

ShabdinMohd. Long*, Norhadi Ismail, Lee Nyanti ak Chukong,

NurAtiqah Mohamad Yusoff, Harold Tinggang Ngau

Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, University Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, MAlAYSIA.


Bakun Dam was fully reached its supply level of 228 m above sea level (ASL) on 9th March 2012. Ever since the forming of Bakun dam as a reservoir, no report on zooplankton is published. Therefore, an initiative has been made to study the zooplankton community and its relation to the subsurface water parameters in the reservoir. Subsurface zooplankton was sampled using plankton net and water parameters were measured using Eutech Instrument. The water parameters recorded in Bakun dam reflected the freshwater lake in tropical countries. Five species of zooplankton were recorded in Bakun Dam, namely Neodiaptomus handeli, Tropodiaptomus sp. Daphnia sp., Ceriodaphnia cornuta and Brachionus quadridentatus  splendidus. Calanoida was recorded as the most dominant (maximum value: 20.49x106 ) in Bakun Dam, followed by Cladocera (maximum value: 8.91  x106 ) and Ploima (Rotifera) (maximum value: 1.77x10 6). The water temperature did influence the species diversity and evenness of the zooplankton. The suitable water temperature in the reservoir possibly increases the phytoplankton densities which serves as food and enhance the density of zooplankton. Furthermore, with low number of zooplankton species, the competition for food amongst the species is also less, thus the opportunist species has an opportunity to increase their population rapidly and become dominant in the area.