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Molecular Divergence and Phylogenetic Positioning in Siluriformes Species Using mtDNA COI Gene

Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences,2023,12,3,473-483.
Published:February 2024
Type:Research Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Mohd Imran*

Department of Zoology, Human Genetics and Toxicology Laboratory, Section of Genetics, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.


Aim: Molecular divergence between species or a group of species is efficient tool to trace the relation between them and assist in their better phylogenetic positioning with good bootstrap supports. The study has emphasised on a chosen group of siluriformes species available in the nearest water resource which includes species from family Clariidae, Heteropneustidae, Bagridae, and Siluridae. Materials and Methods: Standard barcoding protocol was followed where the intraspecific and interspecific pair wise sequence divergences were calculated based on Kimura-2- Parameter model, followed by phylogenetic tree clustering. Results: A considerable gap was found in the divergence values between species which is sufficient to differentiate and delimit them. For intraspecific divergence, the average was found less than 1% whilst the interspecific divergence varied from 16 to 24%. When the comparison was made on an average basis, the divergence between species (20.40%) was found approx. 25 times higher than intraspecific divergence (0.811%). When the divergence was calculated separately at each codon position, the maximum contribution was found from 3rd codon position (78.4%) to the combined divergence which was followed by 1st codon position (6.87%) and the least contribution from 2nd codon position (1.82%). The clustering analysis with Neighbor-Joining and Maximum likelihood methods delimit the species with parallel phylogenetic clustering supporting the divergence trends. Conclusion: The work provides a thorough picture of the relationship between divergence values and how this gap in divergence values plays a critical role in differentiating species while at the same time assisting in deciphering their taxonomic and phylogenetic positioning.