Zoonotic Transmission and Infection from Bovine Feces in Selected Ricefields of Lake Mainit, Philippines

Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences,2020,9,2,xx-xx.
DOI:
Published:july 2020
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Joycelyn C. Jumawan, Maria Karla M. Balamad, and Leonardo A. Estaño

Department of Biology, Caraga State University Ampayon, Butuan City, PHILIPPINES.

Abstract:

Ricefields are suitable nidus of active parasite transmission via bovines due to often unprotected exposure by humans and livestock that utilize the habitat for farming and foraging. This study was conducted to assess and report infection of protozoans, trematodes, and nematodes from bovine feces from ricefields of Brgy Magpayang, San Isidro, and Matina-ao surrounding Lake Mainit, Philippines. Bovine fecal samples collected from these ricefields were processed using the Formalin Ethyl Acetate Sedimentation (FEA-SD) technique. A total of five species from three major parasite groups (protozoans, trematodes, and nematodes) were observed. Bovines from ricefields of Brgy San Isidro harbored the highest number of fecal parasites. The liver fluke Fasciola sp. was the most predominant species observed with the highest prevalence (69%) across study areas. In contrast, multiple parasite burden of Fasciola sp., hookworms, coccidian oocysts, and Ascaris sp. eggs were observed from bovines from Brgy San Isidro and Matin-ao. This study is the first report of parasites from bovine feces in selected ricefields of Lake Mainit. The high prevalence of Fasciola eggs in bovines calls for an extensive assessment of cattle for possible widespread bovine fascioliasis in the area.