Parasitoses and Histopathological Consequences of Trichuris trichiura (Nematoda: Enoplida) in Rodents, Rattus rattus (Mammalia: Rodentia)

Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences,2020,9,1,xx-xx.
DOI:
Published:May 2020
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Sushil Kumar Upadhyay1*, Sanjay Shamrao Nanware2

1Department of Biotechnology, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, INDIA.

2Department of Zoology (UG and PG), Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Nanded, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Abstract:

The parasites are helpful in providing information to population bioecology and pathogenesis to respective hosts. Furthermore, the parasites acquire a variety of specialized traits and lifehistoric strategies which enable them to take possession of hosts. The yesteryears extensive study focused on the epidemiology of whipworms in rodents population, more especially wild rats, Rattus rattus (Mammalia: Rodentia) from urban localities of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. During investigation adult enoplid roundworms, Trichuris trichiura (Nematoda: Enoplida) were recovered from small intestine. However, the cluster of bipolar eggs and substantial pathological changes observed in hepatic tissue through histology. The pattern of whipworms population biology in the rodents during study reflected that more than 50% rats’ population had whipworms infection. The nemic distribution dynamics and parasitoses based on Poisson series was statistically found to be over-dispersed in rodent hosts, so that the growth, development and reproduction of respective hosts affected adversely. Therefore, authors suppose to propose the awareness among societies about parasite diversity in naturally inhabiting fauna perspective to hygiene, health, economy and sustainable development.